P-ISSN 2587-2400 | E-ISSN 2587-196X
Ejmo Kapak
EJMO Volume : 5 Issue : 4 Year : 2021
EJMO. 2021; 5(4): 358-360 | DOI: 10.14744/ejmo.2021.24484

Atypical Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: Case Report and Review of Literature

Brittany Miles1, Nicholas Martinez2, Khaled Atieh1, James Mackey3
1School of Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, US, 2School of Medicine, Paul L. Foster School of Medicine, El Paso, TX, US, 3Department of Medical Oncology, Genesis Medical Group, Houston, TX, US,

Atypical chronic myeloid leukemia (aCML) is a BCR-ABL1 negative myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative (MDS/MPN) neoplasm. Patients typically present with elevated neutrophil counts and hypercellular bone marrow, but there are no specific genetic or molecular markers available to diagnose aCML and it is therefore a diagnosis of exclusion. Atypical CML is rare and carries a poor prognosis, and there is currently no standard of care for treatment. In the absence of an available clinical trial, current consensus is for patients with a suitable donor to undergo allogeneic stem cell transplantation, and a comprehensive evaluation for driver mutations should be performed to screen for the potential use of targeted agents. Without an actionable driver mutation, hypomethylating agents are an emerging treatment option based on four reports showing complete hematologic remission in 7 of 8 patients treated with decitabine. Keywords: Atypical chronic myeloid leukemia, atypical CML, mds/mpn


Cite This Article

Miles B, Martinez N, Atieh K, Mackey J. Atypical Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: Case Report and Review of Literature. EJMO. 2021; 5(4): 358-360

Corresponding Author: James Mackey

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