P-ISSN 2587-2400 | E-ISSN 2587-196X
Ejmo Kapak
EJMO Volume : 5 Issue : 4 Year : 2021
EJMO. 2021; 5(4): 341-349 | DOI: 10.14744/ejmo.2021.61673

The Effects of a Health Literacy Training Intervention on Self-Care Behaviors and Treatment Adherence in Patients with Ischemic Heart Diseases

Zeynab Hakimzadeh1, Mohsen Adib Hajbaghery2
1Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Kashan, Iran, 2Trauma Nursing Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran,

Objectives: This study examined the effect of a health literacy training intervention on self-care behaviors and treatment adherence in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD). Methods: A quasi-experimental study was conducted in 2020, on 50 patients with IHD referred to a medical center in Kashan, Iran. The patients were assigned to a control group (n=25) and an intervention (n=25) group via a block randomization method. The intervention group received a health literacy training intervention, while the control group did not. The "Adherence to Treatment Questionnaire" and the "Self-Care Behavior Questionnaire" were used to gather the data at the start and the end of the study. Results: The mean baseline self-care behaviors in the intervention and the control groups were 61.56±10.99 and 56.25±8.42 (p=0.061) out of 100, which then changed to 85.24±4.06 and 53.01±4.86 (p<0.001). Also, the mean baseline treatment adherence in the intervention and the control groups were 84.77±29.19 and 84.40±13.89 (p=0.315) out of 200, which then changed to 179.08±8.59 and 95.76±9.24 (p<0.001). Conclusion: The health literacy training intervention could improve self-care behaviors and treatment adherence in patients with IHD. Nurses and the medical team are recommended to implement similar packages to improve the health literacy of patients with IHD. Keywords: Health literacy, Patients education, Ischemic heart disease, Self-care behaviors, Treatment adherence


Cite This Article

Hakimzadeh Z, Hajbaghery M. The Effects of a Health Literacy Training Intervention on Self-Care Behaviors and Treatment Adherence in Patients with Ischemic Heart Diseases. EJMO. 2021; 5(4): 341-349

Corresponding Author: Mohsen Adib Hajbaghery

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