P-ISSN 2587-2400 | E-ISSN 2587-196X
EJMO Volume : 5 Issue : 1 Year : 2021
EJMO. 2021; 5(1): 6-19 | DOI: 10.14744/ejmo.2021.69960

Multisystemic Long-Term Sequelae of Covid-19: A Review Based on the Current Literature Over a Year of Pandemic Experience

Ahmet Riza Sahin1, Burhan Fatih Kocyigit2, Ekrem Aksu3, Burcu Akkok4, Ali Muhittin Tasdogan5, Murat Sahin6, Mahmut Egemen Senel7, Hilmi Erdem Sunbul8, Erdinc Gulumsek9, Mahmut Buyuksimsek10, Deniz Tuncel11, Hamza Sahin11, Ramazan Azim Okyay12, Aysegul Erdogan12, Lutfiye Ozpak13, Ahmet Acipayam14, Celaleddin Turgut15, Ismet Cengic16, Dogan Cakan17, Semih Usaklioglu17, Mehmet Kutlu Demirkol18, Omer Mert19, Abdullah Tok20, Abdullah Beyoglu21, Rasit Dilek22, Ali Mesen21, Selma Ates1
1Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaras, Turkey, 2Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaras, Turkey, 3Department of Cardiology, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaras, Turkey Department of Cardiology, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaras, Turkey, 4Department of Chest Diseases, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaras, Turkey Department of Chest Diseases, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaras, Turkey, 5Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Hasan Kalyoncu University Health Sciences Faculty, Gaziantep, Turkey, 6Department of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University Faculty of Medicine Kahramanmaras, Turkey, 7Department of Internal Medicine, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University Faculty of Medicine Kahramanmaras, Turkey, 8Department of Internal Medicine, University of Health Sciences, Adana City Training and Research Hospital, Adana, Turkey, 9Department of Gastroenterology, University of Health Sciences, Adana City Training and Research Hospital, Adana, Turkey, 10Department of Medical Oncology, University of Health Sciences, Adana City Training and Research Hospital, Adana, Turkey, 11Department of Neurology, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaras, Turkey, 12Department of Public Health, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaras, Turkey, 13Department of Medical Biology, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaras, Turkey, 14Department of Thoracic Surgery, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaras, Turkey, 15Department of Psychiatry, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaras, Turkey, 16Department of Radiology, Acıbadem Fulya Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey, 17Department of Ear, Nose and Throat Diseases, Istanbul Taksim Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey, 18Department of Urology, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaras, Turkey, 19Department of Dermatology, Bezmialem Vakıf University, İstanbul, Turkey, 20Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaras, Turkey, 21Department of Ophthalmology, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaras, Turkey, 22Department of Ophthalmology, Konya Kulu State Hospital, Konya, Turkey

On January 7, 2020, it was announced that the Chinese Government isolated a new variant of Coronavirus (SARS CoV-2). Officials reported that populations were not equally affected in terms of the number of cases, severe illness, and death. As of 28 December 2020, 81,000,000 cases have been confirmed globally, and approximately 1,770,000 total deaths have been reported for COVID-19. Besides difficulties of COVID-19 management in the acute stage, long-term consequences of the infection could cause widespread public health problems across the World. This review article aims to examine current literature regarding COVID-19, identify post-illness sequelae, detect patients at risk for sequelae, and provide guidance to management strategies. In the report, long-term pulmonary sequels and systemic problems including cardiovascular, neurological, psychiatric, endocrinologic, nephrological, hematologic, gastrointestinal, dermatologic, etc. of COVID-19 are discussed in accordance with recent scientific publications. Keywords: COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, long-term care, pulmonary fibrosis, sequelae


Cite This Article

Sahin A, Kocyigit B, Aksu E, Akkok B, Tasdogan A, Sahin M, Senel M, Sunbul H, Gulumsek E, Buyuksimsek , Tuncel D, Sahin H, Okyay R, Erdogan A, Ozpak L, Acipayam A, Turgut C, Cengic I, Cakan D, Usaklioglu S, Demirkol M, Mert O, Tok A, Beyoglu A, Dilek R, Mesen A, Ates S. Multisystemic Long-Term Sequelae of Covid-19: A Review Based on the Current Literature Over a Year of Pandemic Experience. EJMO. 2021; 5(1): 6-19

Corresponding Author: Ahmet Riza Sahin

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